World-Class Air Service
Puerto Rico has eleven airports servicing residents and visitors. The hub of the Caribbean, the San Juan Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport (SJU) handles around 5,000 cargo flights per month and over 2,200 weekly flights from more than 20 airlines, according to the Puerto Rico Ports Authority. Typical flight time from Miami to San Juan is approximately two hours and a half, while it takes approximately four hours to fly direct to and from New York City.
Puerto Rico's two other international airports are Mercedita Airport (PSE), located on the south side of the island in Ponce, and Rafael Hernández Airport (BQN), which is located on the west side of the island in Aguadilla and serves as an air cargo hub.
Other regional airports are located in Arecibo, Isla Grande, Mayagüez (Eugenio María de Hostos), Fajardo, Humacao, Vieques, Culebra and Ceiba. The Ceiba Regional Airport has an 11,000-foot runway.
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A Modern Transportation Network
More than 24,000 miles of highway make all points on Puerto Rico no more than two hours from an airport or seaport. In addition, an efficient mass transit system, known as "Tren Urbano", interconnects the San Juan metro area.
Puerto Rico has an extensive road system with a main freeway crossing the north side from San Juan to Arecibo, and another one linking San Juan to Ponce that crosses the central east side from the north to the south coasts. Another important freeway goes from San Juan to Canóvanas in the northeast.
A hub for transshipment between the Americas and Europe, Puerto Rico has nine modern maritime ports. The main seaport is located in San Juan and another major seaport is being developed in Ponce, which is aimed at becoming one of the most important transshipment maritime facilities in the hemisphere. There are also industrial shipping seaports in Guánica, Guayama, Guayanilla and Yabucoa.
The Mayagüez seaport is expected to become an important cruise ship and tourism hub on the island as more than 1 million passengers visit the island on cruise ships every year. The seaports located in the East (Fajardo, Vieques and Culebra) are mainly for tourists and passengers moving from the main island to Vieques, Culebra and other Caribbean islands.
Well-Connected to the World
Puerto Rico has a state-of-the-art telecommunications infrastructure to make sure businesses and residents' alike stay well-connected to the world. Key attributes include:
Abundant Electricity and Water
With abundant and reliable electricity to meet the demands of industry, Puerto Rico is served by the Puerto Rico Electrical Power Authority (PREPA). The island has diversified generating capacity of 5,539 megawatts using oil, natural gas and coal, with an emphasis on transitioning to sustainable resources with a net of 2,444 miles of main energy transmission power lines of 230KV, 115KV and 38KV. It has 51 distribution centers along the island. Secondary distribution power lines amounts around 31,446 aerial lines and 1,723 underground lines. This system has a backup of 239 power substation and 27 technical centers of offices.
Companies participating in the Economic Incentives for the Development of Puerto Rico Act (Act 73 of May 28, 2008) and customers of the Puerto Rico Electrical Power Authority are entitled to a credit of 3% to 10% of the payments made to PREPA for the net electric energy consumption during the corresponding taxable year.
Puerto Rico also has plentiful water for industry and modern wastewater treatment plants. In addition, water quality meets rigorous U.S. Environmental Protection Agency standards. The Puerto Rico Water and Sewage Authority (PRWSA) is the island's water utility.